George H. Conklin,
N.C. State University
is abstracted in
and a member
of the EBSCO
Volume 6, Number 2
Outline of Articles
Are the Kids Doing? How Do We Know? Recent Trends and International
Comparisons in Child and Youth Well-Being: A PowerPoint Presentation
by Ken Land
In his 2008 Presidential Address
to the North Carolina Sociological Association, Ken Land discussed the
and Youth Well-Being Index, an annual time series of 28 social indicators
of well-being. It is shown that, after dipping in the 1980s, the
index of well-being of children rises through the 1990s. This
is a PowerPoint presentation suited to use in the classroom.
Patterns in the Southern Black Belt: Regional and Racial Comparisons
by Dale W. Wimberley
W. E. B. Du Bois coined the term
Black Belt to indicate an area of extreme structural inequality.
The Southern Black Belt is a set of U.S. counties with proportionately
high African American populations and the Plantation South's social legacy.
Previous research revealed the region's serious socioeconomic disadvantages.
This article presents the first comprehensive analysis of Black Belt mortality.
Both Blacks and Whites in the Black Belt experience substantially worse
infant mortality and shorter life expectancy compared to their counterparts
in the rest of the South and the rest of the U.S. The study also examines
the region's leading causes of death and cause-specific "excess" deaths
by race, and considers the findings' policy implications.
Care Services Used by Appalachians in Southwest Virginia
by Marion R. Manton and Gwendolyn B. Thornton
The purpose of this research was
to study the healthcare services used by Appalachians in southwest Virginia.
The study finds that emergency room users are likely to be never married
and male. On the other hand, those with a diagnosed medical condition
are likely to choose a physician as their primary healthcare provider.
The results underscore the critical role of insurance in health care.
Individuals with no health coverage are more likely to use emergency room
services. The study finds no difference in healthcare services in
terms of private or public insurance. Both groups are equally likely
to use a physician as their primary healthcare provider.
Delivery for Displaced Rural Workers: A North Carolina Case Study of the
Theory and Reality of One-Stop
by Leslie Hossfeld, Donnie Charleston and Michael Schulman
The United States has felt the
brunt of a number of natural and economic crises that are taking a devastating
toll on many rural communities, especially in the South. Congress
passed the WIA which required the formation of locally based one-stop service
systems to deliver the majority of employment and training services funded
by the federal government . The one-stop career system was envisioned
as a system that would consolidate programs, resources, and services such
as unemployment insurance, state job services, public assistance, training
programs, and career services. Four principles guided the system's
development: 1) Universal access to all population groups including
both job seekers and employers; 2) Customer choice based on the consumers’
evaluation of his/her needs; 3) Service integration and; 4) Performance-based
accountability. One-stop does not seem to be working very
well. Suggestions for improvement are discussed.
Kin and Helping Behavior: A Social Psychological Exploration Among Haitian
Immigrants, Christian Fundamentalists, and Gang Members
by Eric K. Shaw
This paper is primarily about why
individuals choose to help others. Kinship is an important concept
in research on helping behavior with common distinctions made between kin,
non-kin, and fictive kin. Unrelated individuals become "adopted" family
members who accept the affection, obligations and duties of "real" kin.
Understanding more about the subjective nature of fictive kin relations
is important for understanding individual motivations for engaging in various
helping behaviors. Gang members are found to use fictive kin terminology
and gangs are a substitute family for members.
Mentoring Relationships in Social Work Education
by Terri Moore Brown, Chester Dilday, Oliver Johnson,
Delma Jackson and Debra Brown
Does mentoring help students stay
in school? Do students seek out mentors in the higher educational
system? 127 graduate and undergraduate students from selected social
work education programs were surveyed. An 80-item questionnaire was used
to determine if and how graduate and undergraduate social work students
were engaged in mentoring relationships. The types of activities mentors
perform with students were examined. Of those graduate and undergraduate
students, 52% of students reported having mentors. Of the remaining non-mentored
students, nearly 40% were interested in having mentors. Significant
differences were found in the types of mentoring activities Black and White
mentors performed with their mentees. Faculty interested in mentoring students,
students interested in receiving mentorship and academic administrators
who are contemplating establishing mentoring programs may have interest
in this study.
Review of The Social Context View of Sociology by Marty Zusman,
David Knox and Tracie Gardner: Two Views and "Meet the Authors."
The Social Context View of Sociology
is a textbook for the principles of sociology market.
©2008 by the North Carolina Sociological Association