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The Torch Magazine,  The Journal and Magazine of the
International Association of Torch Clubs
For 91 Years

A Peer-Reviewed
Quality Controlled
Publication


ISSN  Print 0040-9440
ISSN Online 2330-9261


  Spring 2017
Volume 90, Issue 3


Statue of Liberty



   Articles for the Spring 2017 Issue
  1. Free Will
    by Leland W. Robinson
      What is free will? Is free will just freedom from constraints?  Or is it something called contra-causal free will?  Or is it all a matter of luck?  These are some of the questions discussed in this article.  A .pdf file of the article is available here.
  2. Aspects of Liberty: Cornerstone, Manipulation, and Inequality
    by Roland F. Moy
      When humankind descended from the trees, we learned the necessity for ground rules.  This reality-based perspective operates best in the framework of a reasoned balance of liberties and restraints, working toward a better Goldilocks position by adjusting to the lessons of experience and changing conditions, while using the cornerstone liberties of democratic procedures and unsanctified constitutional guidelines.     A .pdf of the article is available here.
  3. Cuba's 50-Plus Year Marriage with Communism: For Better or Worse?
    by Anne Thomas
      The author discuses how communism has affected Cuba, based on a Torch-sponsored trip.  Many aspects of daily life in Cuba are covered, including the medical system, universal education and even food shortages.  The on-line version shows extra photographs taken during the trip.  A .pdf of the article is available here.
  4. The Nashville Experiment, 1863: Regulating With, Not Against, the Market
    by John Fockler
      Major General William S. Rosecrans had a problem.  Rosecrans was commander of the Union's Army of the Cumberland, based largely in and around the city of Nashville, Tennessee.  Rosecrans had been in command of the army's XIV Corps (which became the Army of the Cumberland) since October of 1862.  In addition to being a base of supply for the army, Union troops were also using the city as a kind of rest and recreation center.   The presence of so many young and unattached soldiers wandering around the city had attracted another army of sorts, nearly 1500 "public women," and therein was the problem.  How working with market forces solved the problem is the subject of this article.  (Hint: licenses).  A .pdf of the article is available here.
  5. The Struggles for Poland, 1939-1945
    by Jan Chlapowski
      Many countries became victims of Nazi Germany's onslaught, but most of them were not subjected to a treatment that threatened their existence as a nation. In the case of Poland, there was a conscious attempt by the Germans to exterminate their national existence. The accepted figure for World War II deaths in Europe is approximately 60 million persons or about 10% of its pre-war population. Of that 60 million, 6 million were Polish citizens, nearly half of which were of the Jewish faith. No other country in Europe lost such a large proportion of its leading citizens.      A .pdf of the article is available here.
  6. What Actually Happened on Chappaquiddick?
    by Donald Frederick Nelson
      Chappaquiddick became the most famous automobile accident of the twentieth century for three reasons. First, Ted was a nationally prominent senator and then the standard bearer of the famous Kennedy family. Second, the ramifications of the incident prevented Kennedy from ever becoming the Democratic nominee for president. Third, Kennedy's explanation of the events of that night was widely regarded as a successful cover-up. But what was covered up is not what you expect, according to this presentation.  A .pdf of the article is avaiable here.
  7. Decentralized Life Processes of Plants and a Comparison with Animals
    by Claudia Martin
      Plant intelligence works differently from animal intelligence; nonetheless, it is intelligence, and calling it intelligence is not merely a romanticized fantasy. Human hubris had long assumed that humans are the only intelligent life forms on earth, but in the past sixty years, thanks to numerous academic researchers and field studies occurring all over the globe, science established that animals and plants operate with a form of intelligence. How plant intelligence compares to animal intelligence is the subject of this paper.   A .pdf of the article is available here.
  8. Ralph Falconer
    by Anne Sterling
      Ralph served as president (1999-2002) at a time when IATC needed a strong leader.  He presided with dignity, sought consensus, and encouraged new, younger members.  We will continue to be enriched by remembering this tall, impressive Ohio lawyer who was so devoted to Torch.

    2017  by the International Association of Torch Clubs


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