The Official Journal
The North Carolina
Sociological Association: A
George H. Conklin,
Chien Ju Huang,
N.C. State University
Volume 1, Number 2
Special Issue on Poverty
and Its Consequences
Outline of Articles
- In Search of
the Null: The NCSA 2003 Presidential Address
by Beth Davison, NCSA President
publish articles where the results show statistically significant differences
between two groups of people. Results which show the opposite
are generally called 'negative findings,' and are not considered publishable.
Davison argues that we really ought to be looking for and encouraging
the null finding, especially when social inequality and poverty
are the issue. In addition, society as a whole should be working
to eliminate poverty and inequality.
- Power in North
Carolina Parents: Is There a Relationship Between Family Structure
and Adolescent Self-Efficacy?
by Angela Lewellyn Jones and Stephen
Jones and Jolly
publish here a null finding, namely that there is zero relationship between
family structure and adolescent self-efficacy. However, they do
find there is a negative relationship between self-efficacy and income.
Low income persons have higher levels of stress than those of higher
incomes. The good news in this study is that the correlation between
income and self-efficacy is weak.
of AFDC Recipients Towards Work
by Lyndelia Burch Wynn
Welfare reform was based
heavily on the notion that the poor simply did not have good work
values. In this study Wynn finds the null: that welfare recipients
have very positive attitudes towards work, but lack opportunities.
Poverty can be thought of as structural, for as long as jobs exist which
do not pay very well and do not provide medical benefits needed by many
people on AFDC, commitment to work alone does not pay the bills. The
issue is one of structure of the economy, since poor people do not have values
different from majority. (See also the book review below).
in Space and Time: Its Persistence in the South
by Ronald C. Wimberley and Libby
Poverty in the United States
is not randomly distributed across the country in an even or fairly even
pattern. As mapped by the authors, places with the worst poverty levels
tend to cluster together in areas of persistent poverty. The authors
point out that welfare reforms, whether they work or not, will have important
implications for the South and Appalachia.
Land Loss and
Poverty in North Carolina: A Research Report Review
A review of a research report by Bob Edwards and Anthony Ladd
from an earlier Sociation posting, reprinted here.
Large hog farms in
North Carolina tend to be placed where opposition to them will be weakest.
The results, however, are quite complex and for the white population
farm loss is positively associated with rising incomes, suggesting once
again that farming is not a way out of poverty.
A Book Review
of Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting by in America by Barbara
by M. Graham Spann
Ehrenreich points out from a
journalistic perspective how people who fill the low-paid jobs created
in the economy have to struggle to get by. Regardless of work values,
a low income means difficult choices have to be made. One can work
just as hard at an entry-level job as a highly-paid job. In fact,
the author thinks, work at the entry level may be the hardest society
has to offer.
Return to the Home Page of NCSA
©2003 North Carolina Sociological Association