Sociation Today Fall/Winter 2015

Sociation Today

ISSN 1542-6300

The Official Journal of the
North Carolina Sociological Association

A Peer-Reviewed
Refereed Web-Based 

  Fall/Winter 2017
Volume 15, Issue 2

  Abstracts of Articles for the Fall-Winter Issue of
Sociation Today

Special Issue Editor
 Monica Bixby Radu

The Focus of this issue is
"The Development of Policies Addressing Delinquency, Crime and Violence"

  1. An Interdisciplinary Approach and the Development of Policies Addressing Delinquency, Crime, and Violence
    by Monica Bixby Radu
      This special issue of Sociation Today highlights research that addresses a variety of delinquent and criminal behaviors, including bullying, bully victims’ perceptions of unsafe schools, the criminalization of school choice, adolescent alcohol and drug use, and intimate partner violence.  Drawing from research in sociology, criminology, criminal justice, social work, and public health, these articles provide an interdisciplinary approach to understanding delinquency, crime, and violence. These disciplines often overlap, and the articles in this issue demonstrate that these areas of scholarly research may benefit from insights offered by the others. 
  2. Using Social Capital to Inform Policy Regarding Bullying Victimization
    by Kristen N. Sobba
      Bullying victimization is considered one of the leading causes of mental health problems among adolescents. This form of mistreatment can cause catastrophic outcomes such as low self-esteem, depression, and suicidal ideation. Considering the extreme consequences of bullying, it is imperative to address ways to reduce and prevent this type of abuse from occurring in the future. In this article, I outline different characteristics of bullying victimization and argue how social capital can potentially abate this form of victimization. In addition, implications for policymakers and ideas for future research are discussed to better understand how bullying victimization should be addressed in the future.
  3. Who and What Helps Bully Victims Feel Safe at School? How Families and Schools Influence Youths’ Perceptions of Schools’ Safety
    by Monica Bixby Radu, Kristen N. Sobba and Lisa McManus
      School safety is an important national issue, and studies suggest a link between perceptions of unsafe schools and negative student outcomes, including lower levels of academic achievement and higher dropout rates.  In addition to perceptions of schools’ safety, bullying is a problem for many youths and bully victims in particular may feel unsafe at school.  Therefore, the goal of our study is to examine how to improve bully victims’ perceptions of schools’ safety.  We use a cross-sectional sample (N = 1,749) from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1997) to examine who and what may help bully victims feel safe at school.  We find that among our sample of bullied youths, students who reported higher levels of family resources and more positive perceptions of their schools’ climates are more likely to feel safe at school compared to their peers with fewer family resources and less positive perceptions of their schools’ climate.  Our findings suggest that implementing programs that bridge families and schools may help improve students’ perceptions of their schools’ safety and help stimulate more positive learning environments. 
  4. Choosing Schools and Criminalizing School Choice
    by Shelly Brown-Jeffy
      School choice was envisioned as a program that would relieve families of the confinement of poor quality neighborhood schools. School choice programs, however, give only a select few students the option to escape poor quality neighborhood schools.  Without viable school choice options, many low-income parents become innovative by using the social capital that is held in the addresses of friends, family, and childcare providers who live in better school districts.  Unfortunately, this choice to engage their social network has been criminalized as parents have been charged with felonies for sending their children to better quality schools in other neighborhoods. This criminalization is an example of social control for the disadvantaged and over policing of the poor.
  5. Towards a Systems-based Approach for Intimate Partner Violence Victims in Health Care Settings
    by Shelly A. Maras
      This paper highlights how the health care sector addresses women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV).  I begin with a discussion of the physical, mental, and sexual impacts of IPV along with the monetary costs associated with seeking health care for IPV victims compared to non-abused counterparts.  Within the medical field, there is a controversy surrounding universal screening practices due to a supposed lack of empirical support for screening.  Beyond this, the literature indicates there are screening barriers medical professionals experience which include victim nondisclosure, suggesting there are barriers for women to disclose violence as well.  I suggest ways to improve care to women beyond screening practices, towards a systems-based approach.  A systems-based approach includes making intimate partner violence an institutional priority and focuses on connecting patients to appropriate social services once IPV is detected. I conclude with directions for future research.  
  6. Risk Factors Associated with Alcohol and Drug Use During Adolescence:  Missing Variables in the Research Field
    by Layla A. Martin
      In the United States, alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use during adolescence continues to be an important social issue that researchers, policy makers, and practitioners attempt to address.  Substance use and abuse during adolescence is associated with both short and long-term negative social, behavioral, and health outcomes. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to review prior literature that examines the influence of risk factors associated with substance use among adolescents between the ages of 11 to 18-years-old.  Drawing from peer-reviewed scholarly sources, I find articles that test the influence of race, age, gender, family influence, education, history of mental health disorders, and peer-to-peer interaction on the likelihood of adolescent substance abuse.  I conclude with a discussion focusing on the approach of usingboth prevention and intervention strategies. 
  7. Book Review of Sex Cultures by Amin Ghaziani
    Reviewed by Kathryn Nutter-Pridgen
      Book Review of Sex Cultures by Amin Ghaziani, ISBN-13: 978-0745670409 and  ISBN-10: 0745670407. Malden, MA:  Polity Press, 2017

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The Editorial Board of Sociation Today

Editorial Board:
George H. Conklin,
 North Carolina
 Central University

Robert Wortham,
 Associate Editor,
 North Carolina
 Central University

Lawrence M. Eppard
Book Review Editor
Shippensburg University

 Board: Rebecca Adams,  UNC-Greensboro Bob Davis,  North Carolina  Agricultural and  Technical State  University Catherine Harris,  Wake Forest  University Ella Keller,  Fayetteville  State University Ken Land,  Duke University Steve McNamee,  UNC-Wilmington Miles Simpson,  North Carolina  Central University William Smith,  N.C. State University